Rotary ONE Services Drilling Fluids is a Certified MHA TERO Contractor working several projects on Native American Tribal Lands in NORTH DAKOTA and MONTANA.
With service in TEXAS, NEW MEXICO and OKLAHOMA PANHANDLE AREA, we strive on bringing quality products and Professional Engineering Services to you.
Oil Based Mud (OBM) is used for many reasons such as increased lubricity, greater cleaning abilities with less viscosity.
Also OBM can withstand greater heat without breaking down.
Increased microseismic activities near drilling disposal wells are being reported around the globe. The question being asked is, "Is this being cause by fracking in the drilling process" and, "Is it something to be concerned about"? Here we try to explain the basics of Fracking, and if micro-seismic events pose a risk.
Fracking is a process of injecting fluid into a well at such a high pressure that it literally causes rock to crack. In short, this process happening deep underground allows natural gas, brine, and petroleum to migrate to the well. This fracking technique has been in use since the 1940's, and has not been linked to earthquakes, but has now come under scrutiny due to increases in micro-seismic activity in regions where drilling occurs in the United States. Fracking has boosted global energy markets. In the U.S. alone, crude oil output has soared to a 25-year high, lessening our dependence on foreign resources.
Where Does the Fracking Disposal Fluid Go?
Deep underground, thousands of feet below the surface, disposal fluid is pumped into concrete waste wells. These wells are large enough to hold disposed of fluids from many wells at once. Due to possible volume changes and shifting rock deep underground, these disposal wells are now being linked to increased micro-seismic activity.
Many scientists and researchers have been studying earthquake activity caused by fracking since the 1960's. Now, with fracking becoming more popular, studies are showing a small increase in micro-seismic activity in places where storage disposal well construction has increased. This has the attention of many researchers and record keepers of seismic activity. In Texas alone, there are tens of thousands of injection disposal wells, and all locations are being monitored closely.
How Big Are These Earthquakes?
Studies show that the rare fracking disposal types of micro-seismic earthquakes are measuring around 1.0 to as high as 2.8 across the globe. Mostly, the quakes go unnoticed to people because they are located in rural areas. There have been NO reports of major damage due to quakes of this size. The combination of geological factors necessary to create a higher-than-normal seismic event was described as, "extremely rare" according to a study in England. Even small quakes with a magnitude 3.0, are described by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) as causing "vibrations similar to the passing of a truck." So with micro-seismic data in the 1.0 to 2.8 range, we're talking about mostly unnoticed earth vibrations.
What is Being Done?
Many groups have come together to form studies to better understand if, and why, fracking earthquakes occur. The State of Texas has a commission gathering data, in hopes to gain more insight into when, where, and why these micro-seismic quakes are occurring. In the future, they hope to use this data to track and prevent any risks associated with fracking and waste disposal wells. It is clear that the benefits of fracking thus far have shown positive results for the United States, our energy resources, and lessened dependence on foreign energy.
Rotary One Drilling fluids are used in many fracking operations across the U.S. We operate in the North Dakota Bakken Shale play. Our Denver office is serving the Rocky Mountain region, and our Permian Basin headquarters are located in Midland, Texas. In our experience, new drilling technologies and fracking has tremendously benefited America by creating energy independence and jobs with very little environmental impact.